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导读:近年来,机床行业市场规模整体萎缩、产能过剩等问题日益凸显,机床工具产业正面临和经受调整转型的严峻考验。然而,相对于其他行业,机床行业进军机器人有着无可比拟的优势。

【文/陆子言】近几年,国产机床的日子不太好过。

自2011年起,机床企业的净利润纷纷开始下滑,整个机床行业可谓万马齐喑。

“事实上,近几年机床行业都普遍受到了冲击,就连广数去年也下滑了30%。”广州数控设备有限公司智能制造工程中心主任助理宋健向高工机器人网表示。

据了解,往常数控机床设备成交量30套以上较为常见,然而现下10套以上的都算是大单了。不难看出,应用企业对于传统数控机床设备需求量明显偏低。

“目前国内的机床行业主要是低端机床产业居多,功能上比较单一。”大富配天集团副总裁徐志根说道,但市场上对于高端数控机床的需求渐增,尤其是四轴、五轴联动的机床设备,而能够符合高端数控机床生产要求的企业并不多,这也是数控机床行业整体态势不够明朗一点。

当前,中国正迎来智能制造转型升级,难免要进行产业转移,这其中或多或少会使传统行业受到冲击。随着工业机器人进程的不断向前推移,“机器人+”的产业模式备受追捧。

“数控机床和机器人是紧密相连的,未来的数控机床设备肯定都是往智能化方面去互联互通的。”宋健表示,目前国内传统的数控机床普遍都受到了下滑,如何把数控机床和机器人进行智能化的串联,这可能是很多数控机床企业都在做的事情。

事实上,相对于其他行业,机床行业进军机器人有着无可比拟的优势。机器人关键应用在于运动控制,而运动控制则是保证机床精度的一个重要因素。从这个角度来说,机床制造与机器人制造技术关联度非常大。

据了解,传统的数控机床领域大多依赖工人的体力和技能进行劳作,难以保证产品的稳定性和一致性。而随着智能制造步伐的不断向前推移,越来越多的数控机床企业逐渐引用机器人加入生产环节来改造传统的工艺流程。

当前,数控机床与机器人正以一体化的形式走入公众视野。最初传统的数控设备运用到机器人,可能是单台机器人+单台机器人的形式去相互结合,而当智能化改造进一步加深之时,其表现形式可能是多台数控设备和多台机器人进行互联。“再上升一个阶段,可能就是‘数控机床+机器人+AGV’的运用了。”宋健继而说道。

数控机床领域的智能制造之路正以单台设备用机器人向多台互联机器人进发。不难看出,数控机床未来会越来越多地运用到机器人。

“机器人在数控机床上下料以及一些工站中目前都已经在普遍应用了,未来机机床企业引入更多的机器人或许会是一个趋势。”徐志根表示。

广州国际机床展将于2016年5月25-27日在广州琶洲会展中心开展,同期还有广州国际机器人展、广州物流展举行。值得关注的是,由高工机器人联合金诺集团举办的“2016(第七届)高工机器人高峰论坛”也将于展会期间重磅召开,届时,将有众多大咖为您解读“国产机床企业能否造好自己的机器人”、“机器人如何更好地助力数控机床自动化”等问题。

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