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在前不久新鲜出炉的2018年政府工作报告中,“人工智能”、“智能制造”再次被写入:加强新一代人工智能研发应用,在医疗、养老、教育、文化、体育等多领域推进“互联网+”;实施“中国制造2025”,推进工业强基、智能制造、绿色制造等重大工程,先进制造业加快发展。

在2017年政府工作报告中,李克强总理首次提及人工智能,指出要加快培育壮大包括人工智能在内的新兴产业,这是人工智能首次被写入政府工作报告;同时,与人工智能紧密结合的“智能制造”,总理提出深入实施《中国制造2025》,首次明确把发展“智能制造”作为主攻方向。

人工智能是引领未来的战略性技术,正在互联网和大数据的推动下深刻改变人类生活。作为新一轮科技革命和产业变革的核心驱动力,新一代人工智能将改变世界。2017年7月,国务院发布了《新一代人工智能发展规划》,这是首部国家层面的人工智能发展规划。

经过一年的战略规划和计划实施,无论是国家层面,还是社会大众,对人工智能都越发重视与关注。RoboIMEX将继续带领大家聚焦两会,重点关注2018年政府工作报告带来哪些关于人工智能、智能制造的重要讯息,以及一些科技大佬们在两会中的相关提案。

过去五年工作回顾

  • 坚持以供给侧结构性改革为主线,着力培育壮大新动能,经济结构加快优化升级。

加快新旧发展动能接续转换。深入开展“互联网+”行动,实行包容审慎监管,推动大数据、云计算、物联网广泛应用,新兴产业蓬勃发展,传统产业深刻重塑。实施“中国制造2025”,推进工业强基、智能制造、绿色制造等重大工程,先进制造业加快发展。

  • 坚持创新引领发展,着力激发社会创造力,整体创新能力和效率显著提高。

实施创新驱动发展战略,优化创新生态,形成多主体协同、全方位推进的创新局面。扩大科研机构和高校科研自主权,改进科研项目和经费管理,深化科技成果权益管理改革。支持北京、上海建设科技创新中心,新设14个国家自主创新示范区,带动形成一批区域创新高地。以企业为主体加强技术创新体系建设,涌现一批具有国际竞争力的创新型企业和新型研发机构。

深入开展大众创业、万众创新,实施普惠性支持政策,完善孵化体系。各类市场主体达到9800多万户,五年增加70%以上。国内有效发明专利拥有量增加两倍,技术交易额翻了一番。我国科技创新由跟跑为主转向更多领域并跑、领跑,成为全球瞩目的创新创业热土。

对2018年政府工作的建议

  • 深入推进供给侧结构性改革。坚持把发展经济着力点放在实体经济上,继续抓好“三去一降一补”,大力简政减税减费,不断优化营商环境,进一步激发市场主体活力,提升经济发展质量。

发展壮大新动能。做大做强新兴产业集群,实施大数据发展行动,加强新一代人工智能研发应用,在医疗、养老、教育、文化、体育等多领域推进“互联网+”。发展智能产业,拓展智能生活。运用新技术、新业态、新模式,大力改造提升传统产业。

加快制造强国建设。推动集成电路、第五代移动通信、飞机发动机、新能源汽车、新材料等产业发展,实施重大短板装备专项工程,发展工业互联网平台,创建“中国制造2025”示范区。大幅压减工业生产许可证,强化产品质量监管。全面开展质量提升行动,推进与国际先进水平对标达标,弘扬工匠精神,来一场中国制造的品质革命。

除国家文件对人工智能方面更加注重外,全国代表委员也对这一新兴领域高度关注,百度李彦宏、腾讯马化腾、联想杨元庆、浪潮孙丕恕、埃夫特许礼进等科技公司大佬都提交了关于人工智能领域的提案。

百度李彦宏:中美AI竞争优势是数据

全国政协委员、百度集团董事长李彦宏已经连续四年提交了与人工智能相关的提案。在今年的两会上,李彦宏准备的四项提案中,有两项就与人工智能相关,涉及到希望政府出台政策鼓励人工智能平台与无人驾驶领域。

对中美人工智能发展而言,李彦宏认为美国人工智能拥有人才、基础理论研究、算法等领域有优势;而中国人工智能在数据方面有很大优势,尤其是中国拥有7亿多网民这些大数据优势。

腾讯马化腾:AI垂直领域爆发很多机会

全国人大代表、腾讯公司董事会主席马化腾今年两会期间所带来的八项提议,分别涉及到数字中国、工业互联网、金融安全、医疗健康、青少年创新人才培养、粤港澳大湾区建设,以及生态环境保护等方面。

马化腾在接受媒体采访时透露,在未来的生产制造过程当中,在某些特定场景,就可以用AI技术,以低成本的方式来模拟一个大脑在后面进行管理,从海量的大数据里找出它的规律,通过AI技术,就像一直有一个永远不累的大脑思考、处置一些信息。

马化腾认为,在某些特定场景下,可以利用AI技术以低成本方式模拟人脑进行后台管理。尽管AI通用很遥远,但AI垂直领域有很多机会。

浪潮孙丕恕:注重AI科技与人才的培养

全国人大代表、浪潮集团董事长孙丕恕表示,当前核心领域的人工智能、前沿科技研发、人才培养等方面不受重视。他建议完善人工智能人才培养制度,从大学本科生开始设立人工智能相关专业,推动人工智能领域一级学科建设;并重点规划适应人工智能新技术和新产业需求的装备技术、产品,突破关键原创技术。

联想杨元庆:AI“水滴”要渗透各个行业

全国人大代表、联想集团董事长兼CEO杨元庆建议用人工智能技术武装各行各业,将人工智能的“水滴”渗透到各行各业。同时,杨元庆认为,人工智能必须要与行业结合,才能形成有效能的行业智能,从而推动人工智能与实体经济快速融合。还要加大培育行业智能领军企业的力度,并在重点行业应用示范。

埃夫特:从科技创新的角度出发

第十三届全国政协委员、埃夫特董事长兼总经理表示,要从科技创新的角度上提些建议,能够加速国家的创新发展。

人工智能、智能制造

均是商业热点

更是国家战略

重要地位不言而喻

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